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Alphabet in Georgian Language

Understanding the Georgian alphabet is important in mastering the Georgian Language. Georgian alphabet structure is applied in a day-to-day conversation. Without the Georgian alphabet, it is impossible to speak the Georgian words and phrases properly even if anyone learn how to write those key phrases in Georgian. Learn More

As with any language, the better you pronounce a letter in a word, the easier understood you will be in conversing in the Georgian language. Here are some web links that guides you to the Georgian alphabet and exactly how it really is pronounced in English.
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Vowels in Georgian Alphabet

If you are familiar with Spanish, Georgian vowel sounds are very similar.
ა ahlike car
ე ehlike pet
ი eelike knee
ო ohlike doh!
უ oolike boot

Consonants in Georgian Alphabet

ბ blike bat
გ glike go
დ dlike dog
ვ v/win between v as in very and w as in weary
ზ zlike zoo
თ tlike tip
კ k'see Tricky consonants
ლ llike love
მ mlike mint
ნ nlike nose
პ p'see Tricky consonants
ჟ zhlike pleasure
რ rrolled as in Spanish roja
ს slike sad
ტ t'see Tricky consonants
ფ plike poof
ქ klike kick
ღ ghpronounced similar to a French r as in bonjour; alternatively, like a voiced kh
ყ q'see Tricky consonants
შ shlike shoot
ჩ chlike chimp
ც tslike hot sauce
ძ dzfoods
წ ts'see Tricky consonants
ჭ ch'see Tricky consonants
ხ khpronounced like Scottish loch or German Bach
ჯ jlike jump
ჰ hlike hot
Georgian distinguishes between aspirated and non-aspirated (ejective) consonants. An aspirated consonant is accompanied by a puff of air when you say it. In Georgian, there is even more of a
puff of air for aspirated consonants than you would hear in English.
A non-aspirated consonant in Georgian, however, actually contains no puff of air whatsoever. Georgians close the back of their throat, similar to what you do before you cough or the closed throat
moment between uh and oh in "uh-oh." They then pronounce the non-aspirated consonants without any exhalation at all. Don't worry if you have trouble producing this type of sound, though,
in context you will be understood! Non-aspirated consonants are marked above with an apostrophe.
Georgian Aspirated & Non-Aspirated Consonants
English approximation t p k ch tstpkchts
Aspirated consonant
Non-aspirated consonant

Semi Vowels/ Diphthongs in Georgian Alphabet

Diphthongs do not exist in Georgian—every vowel is given equal weight and every syllable has only one vowel.

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